Yes. An experienced lawyer can greatly assist you understand the charges, defenses, criminal and administrative consequences, and help navigate the judicial system. You want a lawyer who will fight for you, knows the law, and knows the system.
It depends. In Maryland, a person charged with a traffic or criminal offense that carries more than 90 days in jail typically has the right to a jury trial. If you are charged under Transportation Article § 21-902(a) for driving under the influence, the maximum penalty is one (1) year in jail and you have the right to a jury trial. If you are only charged under Transportation Article § 21-902(b) for driving while intoxicated, the maximum penalty is 60 days, and you do not have the right to a jury trial, unless you are in the circuit court on a de novo appeal.
For first offenders, driving under the influence of alcohol under Transportation Article § 21-902(a)(1) carries a maximum penalty of one (1) year in jail and/or a $1,000.00 fine, as well as 12 points on your Maryland driver’s license and the possibility of a revocation of your driver’s license. For first time offenders, this is the worst case scenario. The best case scenario depends on the particular facts of the case, priors, case specific defenses, and affirmative mitigation steps taken before going to court. The best case scenario may include acquittal, or probation before judgment with a period of probation, fine, and no points on your driver’s license.
The Maryland Transportation Article and DR-15 Advice of Rights form you received from the police officer lay out the potential administrative sanctions associated with a DUI. If you submitted to the chemical test, and the test result is an alcohol concentration of at least 0.08 but less than 0.15, your driver’s license will be suspended for 45 days for a first offense, and 90 days for a second or subsequent offense. If your test result is an alcohol concentration of 0.15 or more, your driver’s license will be suspended for 90 days for a first offense, and 180 days for a second or subsequent offense. If you refuse to submit to a test, the suspension will be for 120 days for a first offense, and one (1) year for a second or subsequent offense. There are exceptions to the general rules, which is why you should consult an experienced DUI attorney. For example, if the test result was between 0.08 and 0.15, the suspension may be modified or a restrictive license issued at a hearing. This MVA hearing, however, must be requested within 30 days of the date of the Order of Suspension. I highly recommend consulting an experienced Maryland DUI attorney as soon as possible after the stop to determine the options.
No. Under Transportation Article § 16-205.2(c), the results of a preliminary breath test administered at the scene of the stop shall be used as a guide for the police officer in deciding whether to make an arrest for a DUI, but may not be used as evidence in court by the State. Do I have the right to talk to a lawyer before I decide whether to submit to the breath or blood test? Yes. The Maryland Court of Appeals in Sites v. State, 300 Md. 702, 481 A.2d 192 (1984) determined that individuals suspected of drunk driving have a Fourteenth Amendment due process right to consult with an attorney, either on the phone or in person, to help decide whether to submit to the breath or blood test. This right is important as the administrative sanctions for a refusal include a 120 day suspension of your driver’s license for a first offense, and/or a one (1) year disqualification of your commercial driver’s license.
You may have a defense. In Atkinson v. State, 331 Md. 199, 627 A.2d 1019 (1993), the Maryland Court of Appeals recognized the “shelter doctrine.” As a matter of public policy, we want to encourage potentially intoxicated individuals who cannot safety operate a motor vehicle to use their vehicle as a shelter to sleep off the intoxication. Whether the individual was in actual physical control of their vehicle will depend on a number of factors, including without limitation, whether the vehicle’s engine is running, whether the ignition is on, where the person is found in their vehicle, whether they are awake, where the car key is located, whether the headlights are on, and where the vehicle is located on the roadway. In Thomas v. State, 277 MD. 314, 353 A.2d 256 (1976), the Maryland Court of Appeals reversed Thomas’ conviction for a DUI because Thomas was not driving. The Court stated, “When the day arrives, however, when a person may be convicted upon the basis of suspicion only, liberty will have vanished from the land.” Contact my firm today to determine whether you have a potential defense to your DUI.
The police officer must have probable cause that you are under the influence of alcohol or drugs to arrest an individual for a DUI. This decision should be based on the officer's initial observation of the vehicle in operation, the officer's observation of the stop, the officer's observation of the individual's exit from the vehicle, the officer's face to face interview, standardized field sobriety test results, and a preliminary breath test.